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Here’s a summary of what’s changed in each Corda release. For guidance on how to upgrade code from the previous release, see Upgrading CorDapps to newer Platform Versions .


  • Moved and renamed the testing web server to the testing subproject. Also renamed the published artifact to corda-testserver.jar.

  • New Vault Query criteria to specify exact matches for specified participants.

  • Support for Java 11 (compatibility mode). Please read .

  • Removed the RPC exception privacy feature. Previously, in production mode, the exceptions thrown on the node were stripped of all content when rethrown on the RPC client.

  • Introduced a new parameter externalIds: List<UUID> to VaultQueryCriteria which allows CorDapp developers to constrain queries to a specified set of external IDs. This feature should be used when querying states for a particular “account” (see accounts CorDapp for further information).

  • Introduced a new API on IdentityService called RegisterKey which maps a PublicKey to a specified CordaX500Name and to an optional UUID (external Id).

  • Introduced a new API on IdentityService called publicKeyToExternalId which facilitates lookups of ``PublicKey s toexternalId` s (Account IDs).

  • Introduced a new API on IdentityService called publicKeysForExternalId which returns all the PublicKey s associated with a particular external ID.

  • StatePointer has been marked as ``@DoNotImplement`, which was an omission in the original release.

  • Introduced a new low level flow diagnostics tool: checkpoint agent (that can be used standalone or in conjunction with the checkpoints dump shell command). See Checkpoint Tooling for more information.

  • The MockNet now supports setting a custom Notary class name, as was already supported by normal node config. See Writing a custom notary service (experimental) .

  • Introduced a new Destination abstraction for communicating with non-Party destinations using the new FlowLogic.initateFlow(Destination) method. Party and AnonymousParty have been retrofitted to implement Destination. Initiating a flow to an AnonymousParty means resolving to the well-known identity Party and then communicating with that.

  • Removed finance-workflows dependency on jackson library. The functions that used jackson (e.g. FinanceJSONSupport) have been moved into IRS Demo.

  • The introductory and technical white papers have been refreshed. They have new content and a clearer organisation.

  • Information about checkpointed flows can be retrieved from the shell. Calling checkpoints dump will create a zip file inside the node’s log directory. This zip will contain a JSON representation of each checkpointed flow. This information can then be used to determine the state of stuck flows or flows that experienced internal errors and were kept in the node for manual intervention.

  • It is now possible to re-record transactions if a node wishes to record as an observer a transaction it has participated in. If this is done, then the node may record new output states that are not relevant to the node.

  • Added nodeDiagnosticInfo to the RPC API. The new RPC is also available as the run nodeDiagnosticInfo command executable from the Corda shell. It retrieves version information about the Corda platform and the CorDapps installed on the node.

  • CordaRPCClient.start has a new gracefulReconnect parameter. The class GracefulReconnect takes two lambdas - one for callbacks on disconnect, and one for callbacks on reconnection. When provided (ie. the gracefulReconnect parameter is not null) the RPC client will to try to automatically reconnect to the node on disconnect. Further any Observable s previously created will continue to vend new events on reconnect.

  • Contract attachments are now automatically whitelisted by the node if another contract attachment is present with the same contract classes, signed by the same public keys, and uploaded by a trusted uploader. This allows the node to resolve transactions that use earlier versions of a contract without having to manually install that version, provided a newer version is installed. Similarly, non-contract attachments are whitelisted if another attachment is present on the node that is signed by the same public key.

  • Package namespace ownership configurations can be now be set as described in Package namespace ownership , when using the Cordformation plugin version 4.0.43.

  • Wildcards can now be used when specifying RPC permissions, for example* will allow users to start any flow in the package. See rpcUsers for more information.

  • -XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError and -XX:+CrashOnOutOfMemoryError have been added to the default JVM options of the node. A node which is running out of memory is now expected to stop immediately to preserve ledger consistency and avoid flaws in operations. Note that it’s a responsibility of a client application to handle RPC reconnection in case this happens. See Setting JVM arguments and Memory usage and tuning for further details.

  • design/data-model-upgrades/package-namespace-ownership configurations can be now be set as described in Package namespace ownership , when using the Cordformation plugin version 4.0.43.

  • Fixed the operator used by the notEqual predicate

Version 4.1

  • Fix a bug in Corda 4.0 that combined commands in TransactionBuilder if they only differed by the signers list. The behaviour is now consistent with prior Corda releases.
  • Disabled the default loading of hibernate-validator as a plugin by hibernate when a CorDapp depends on it. This change will in turn fix the ( ) issue, because nodes will no longer need to add hibernate-validator to the \libs folder. For nodes that already did that, it can be safely removed when the latest Corda is installed. One thing to keep in mind is that if any CorDapp relied on hibernate-validator to validate Querayable JPA Entities via annotations, that will no longer happen. That was a bad practice anyway, because the ContractState should be validated in the Contract verify method.

Version 4.0

  • Fixed race condition between NodeVaultService.trackBy and NodeVaultService.notifyAll, where there could be states that were not reflected in the data feed returned from trackBy (either in the query’s result snapshot or the observable).

  • TimedFlows (only used by the notary client flow) will never give up trying to reach the notary, as this would leave the states in the notarisation request in an undefined state (unknown whether the spend has been notarised, i.e. has happened, or not). Also, retries have been disabled for single node notaries since in this case they offer no potential benefits, unlike for a notary cluster with several members who might have different availability.

  • New configuration property database.initialiseAppSchema with values UPDATE, VALIDATE and NONE. The property controls the behavior of the Hibernate DDL generation. UPDATE performs an update of CorDapp schemas, while VALIDATE only verifies their integrity. The property does not affect the node-specific DDL handling and complements database.initialiseSchema to disable DDL handling altogether.

  • JacksonSupport.createInMemoryMapper was incorrectly marked as deprecated and is no longer so.

  • Standardised CorDapp version identifiers in jar manifests (aligned with associated cordapp Gradle plugin changes). Updated all samples to reflect new conventions.

  • Introduction of unique CorDapp version identifiers in jar manifests for contract and flows/services CorDapps. Updated all sample CorDapps to reflect new conventions. See CorDapp separation for further information.

  • Automatic Constraints propagation for hash-constrained states to signature-constrained states. This allows Corda 4 signed CorDapps using signature constraints to consume existing hash constrained states generated by unsigned CorDapps in previous versions of Corda.

  • You can now load different CorDapps for different nodes in the node-driver and mock-network. This previously wasn’t possible with the DriverParameters.extraCordappPackagesToScan and MockNetwork.cordappPackages parameters as all the nodes would get the same CorDapps. See TestCordapp, NodeParameters.additionalCordapps and MockNodeParameters.additionalCordapps.

  • DriverParameters.extraCordappPackagesToScan and MockNetwork.cordappPackages have been deprecated as they do not support the new CorDapp versioning and MANIFEST metadata support that has been added. They create artificial CorDapp jars which do not preserve these settings and thus may produce incorrect results when testing. It is recommended DriverParameters.cordappsForAllNodes and MockNetworkParameters.cordappsForAllNodes be used instead.

  • Fixed a problem with IRS demo not being able to simulate future dates as expected ( ).

  • Fixed a problem that was preventing Cash.generateSpend to be used more than once per transaction ( ).

  • Fixed a bug resulting in poor vault query performance and incorrect results when sorting.

  • Improved exception thrown by AttachmentsClassLoader when an attachment cannot be used because its uploader is not trusted.

  • Fixed deadlocks generated by starting flow from within CordaServices.

  • Marked the Attachment interface as @DoNotImplement because it is not meant to be extended by CorDapp developers. If you have already done so, please get in contact on the usual communication channels.

  • Added auto-acceptance of network parameters for network updates. This behaviour is available for a subset of the network parameters and is configurable via the node config. See The network map for more information.

  • Deprecated SerializationContext.withAttachmentsClassLoader. This functionality has always been disabled by flags and there is no reason for a CorDapp developer to use it. It is just an internal implementation detail of Corda.

  • Deprecated all means to directly create a LedgerTransaction instance, as client code is only meant to get hold of a LedgerTransaction via WireTransaction.toLedgerTransaction.

  • Introduced new optional network bootstrapper command line options (–register-package-owner, –unregister-package-owner) to register/unregister a java package namespace with an associated owner in the network parameter packageOwnership whitelist.

  • BFT-Smart and Raft notary implementations have been moved to the net.corda.notary.experimental package to emphasise their experimental nature. Note that it is not possible to preserve the state for both types of notaries when upgrading from V3 or an earlier Corda version.

  • New “validate-configuration” sub-command to corda.jar, allowing to validate the actual node configuration without starting the node.

  • CorDapps now have the ability to specify a minimum platform version in their MANIFEST.MF to prevent old nodes from loading them.

  • CorDapps have the ability to specify a target platform version in their MANIFEST.MF as a means of indicating to the node the app was designed and tested on that version.

  • Nodes will no longer automatically reject flow initiation requests for flows they don’t know about. Instead the request will remain un-acknowledged in the message broker. This enables the recovery scenerio whereby any missing CorDapp can be installed and retried on node restart. As a consequence the initiating flow will be blocked until the receiving node has resolved the issue.

  • FinalityFlow is now an inlined flow and requires FlowSession s to each party intended to receive the transaction. This is to fix the security problem with the old API that required every node to accept any transaction it received without any checks. Existing CorDapp binaries relying on this old behaviour will continue to function as previously. However, it is strongly recommended CorDapps switch to this new API. See Upgrading CorDapps to newer Platform Versions for further details.

  • For similar reasons, SwapIdentitiesFlow, from confidential-identities, is also now an inlined flow. The old API has been preserved but it is strongly recommended CorDapps switch to this new API. See Upgrading CorDapps to newer Platform Versions for further details.

  • Introduced new optional network bootstrapper command line option (–minimum-platform-version) to set as a network parameter

  • Vault storage of contract state constraints metadata and associated vault query functions to retrieve and sort by constraint type.

  • New overload for CordaRPCClient.start() method allowing to specify target legal identity to use for RPC call.

  • Case insensitive vault queries can be specified via a boolean on applicable SQL criteria builder operators. By default queries will be case sensitive.

  • Getter added to CordaRPCOps for the node’s network parameters.

  • The RPC client library now checks at startup whether the server is of the client libraries major version or higher. Therefore to connect to a Corda 4 node you must use version 4 or lower of the library. This behaviour can be overridden by specifying a lower number in the CordaRPCClientConfiguration class.

  • Removed experimental feature CordformDefinition

  • Added new overload of StartedMockNode.registerInitiatedFlow which allows registering custom initiating-responder flow pairs, which can be useful for testing error cases.

  • “app”, “rpc”, “p2p” and “unknown” are no longer allowed as uploader values when importing attachments. These are used internally in security sensitive code.

  • Change type of the checkpoint_value column. Please check the upgrade-notes on how to update your database.

  • Removed buggy :serverNameTablePrefix: configuration.

  • freeLocalHostAndPort, freePort, and getFreeLocalPorts from TestUtils have been deprecated as they don’t provide any guarantee the returned port will be available which can result in flaky tests. Use PortAllocation.Incremental instead.

  • Docs for IdentityService. assertOwnership updated to correctly state that an UnknownAnonymousPartyException is thrown rather than IllegalStateException.

  • The Corda JPA entities no longer implement, as this was causing persistence errors in obscure cases. Java serialization is disabled globally in the node, but in the unlikely event you were relying on these types being Java serializable please contact us.

  • Remove all references to the out-of-process transaction verification.

  • The class carpenter has a “lenient” mode where it will, during deserialisation, happily synthesis classes that implement interfaces that will have unimplemented methods. This is useful, for example, for object viewers. This can be turned on with SerializationContext.withLenientCarpenter.

  • Added a FlowMonitor to log information about flows that have been waiting for IO more than a configurable threshold.

  • H2 database changes:

  • The node’s H2 database now listens on localhost by default.

  • The database server address must also be enabled in the node configuration.

  • A new h2Settings configuration block supersedes the h2Port option.

  • Improved documentation PDF quality. Building the documentation now requires LaTex to be installed on the OS.

  • Add devModeOptions.allowCompatibilityZone to re-enable the use of a compatibility zone and devMode

  • Fixed an issue where trackBy was returning ContractStates from a transaction that were not being tracked. The unrelated ContractStates will now be filtered out from the returned Vault.Update.

  • Introducing the flow hospital - a component of the node that manages flows that have errored and whether they should be retried from their previous checkpoints or have their errors propagate. Currently it will respond to any error that occurs during the resolution of a received transaction as part of FinalityFlow. In such a scenario the receiving flow will be parked and retried on node restart. This is to allow the node operator to rectify the situation as otherwise the node will have an incomplete view of the ledger.

  • Fixed an issue preventing out of process nodes started by the Driver from logging to file.

  • Fixed an issue with CashException not being able to deserialize after the introduction of AMQP for RPC.

  • Removed -Xmx VM argument from Explorer’s Capsule setup. This helps avoiding out of memory errors.

  • New killFlow RPC for killing stuck flows.

  • Shell now kills an ongoing flow when CTRL+C is pressed in the terminal.

  • Add check at startup that all persisted Checkpoints are compatible with the current version of the code.

  • ServiceHub and CordaRPCOps can now safely be used from multiple threads without incurring in database transaction problems.

  • Doorman and NetworkMap url’s can now be configured individually rather than being assumed to be the same server. Current compatibilityZoneURL configurations remain valid. See both Node configuration and Network certificates for details.

  • Improved audit trail for FinalityFlow and related sub-flows.

  • Notary client flow retry logic was improved to handle validating flows better. Instead of re-sending flow messages the entire flow is now restarted after a timeout. The relevant node configuration section was renamed from p2pMessagingRetry, to flowTimeout to reflect the behaviour change.

  • The node’s configuration is only printed on startup if devMode is true, avoiding the risk of printing passwords in a production setup.

  • NodeStartup will now only print node’s configuration if devMode is true, avoiding the risk of printing passwords in a production setup.

  • SLF4J’s MDC will now only be printed to the console if not empty. No more log lines ending with “{}”.

  • WireTransaction.Companion.createComponentGroups has been marked as @CordaInternal. It was never intended to be public and was already internal for Kotlin code.

  • RPC server will now mask internal errors to RPC clients if not in devMode. Throwable``s implementing ``ClientRelevantError will continue to be propagated to clients.

  • RPC Framework moved from Kryo to the Corda AMQP implementation [Corda-847]. This completes the removal of Kryo from general use within Corda, remaining only for use in flow checkpointing.

  • Set co.paralleluniverse.fibers.verifyInstrumentation=true in devMode.

  • Node will now gracefully fail to start if one of the required ports is already in use.

  • Node will now gracefully fail to start if devMode is true and compatibilityZoneURL is specified.

  • Added smart detection logic for the development mode setting and an option to override it from the command line.

  • Changes to the JSON/YAML serialisation format from JacksonSupport, which also applies to the node shell:

    • WireTransaction now nicely outputs into its components: id, notary, inputs, attachments, outputs, commands, timeWindow and privacySalt. This can be deserialized back.
    • SignedTransaction is serialised into wire (i.e. currently only WireTransaction tested) and signatures, and can be deserialized back.
  • The Vault Criteria API has been extended to take a more precise specification of which class contains a field. This primarily impacts Java users; Kotlin users need take no action. The old methods have been deprecated but still work - the new methods avoid bugs that can occur when JPA schemas inherit from each other.

  • Due to ongoing work the experimental interfaces for defining custom notary services have been moved to the internal package. CorDapps implementing custom notary services will need to be updated, see samples/notary-demo for an example. Further changes may be required in the future.

  • Configuration file changes:

    • Added program line argument on-unknown-config-keys to allow specifying behaviour on unknown node configuration property keys. Values are: [FAIL, IGNORE], default to FAIL if unspecified.
    • Introduced a placeholder for custom properties within node.conf; the property key is “custom”.
    • The deprecated web server now has its own web-server.conf file, separate from node.conf.
    • Property keys with double quotes (e.g. “key”) in node.conf are no longer allowed, for rationale refer to Node configuration .
    • The issuableCurrencies property is no longer valid for node.conf. Instead, it has been moved to the finance workflows CorDapp configuration.
  • Added public support for creating CordaRPCClient using SSL. For this to work the node needs to provide client applications a certificate to be added to a truststore. See Using the client RPC API

  • The node RPC broker opens 2 endpoints that are configured with address and adminAddress. RPC Clients would connect to the address, while the node will connect to the adminAddress. Previously if ssl was enabled for RPC the adminAddress was equal to address.

  • Upgraded H2 to v1.4.197

  • Shell (embedded available only in dev mode or via SSH) connects to the node via RPC instead of using the CordaRPCOps object directly. To enable RPC connectivity ensure node’s rpcSettings.address and rpcSettings.adminAddress settings are present.

  • Changes to the network bootstrapper:

    • The whitelist.txt file is no longer needed. The existing network parameters file is used to update the current contracts whitelist.
    • The CorDapp jars are also copied to each nodes’ cordapps directory.
  • Errors thrown by a Corda node will now reported to a calling RPC client with attention to serialization and obfuscation of internal data.

  • Serializing an inner class (non-static nested class in Java, inner class in Kotlin) will be rejected explicitly by the serialization framework. Prior to this change it didn’t work, but the error thrown was opaque (complaining about too few arguments to a constructor). Whilst this was possible in the older Kryo implementation (Kryo passing null as the synthesised reference to the outer class) as per the Java documentation here we are disallowing this as the paradigm in general makes little sense for contract states.

  • Node can be shut down abruptly by shutdown function in CordaRPCOps or gracefully (draining flows first) through gracefulShutdown command from shell.

  • API change: net.corda.core.schemas.PersistentStateRef fields (index and txId) are now non-nullable. The fields were always effectively non-nullable - values were set from non-nullable fields of other objects. The class is used as database Primary Key columns of other entities and databases already impose those columns as non-nullable (even if JPA annotation nullable=false was absent). In case your Cordapps use this entity class to persist data in own custom tables as non Primary Key columns refer to Upgrading CorDapps to newer Platform Versions for upgrade instructions.

  • Adding a public method to check if a public key satisfies Corda recommended algorithm specs, Crypto.validatePublicKey( For instance, this method will check if an ECC key lies on a valid curve or if an RSA key is >= 2048bits. This might be required for extra key validation checks, e.g., for Doorman to check that a CSR key meets the minimum security requirements.

  • Table name with a typo changed from NODE_ATTCHMENTS_CONTRACTS to NODE_ATTACHMENTS_CONTRACTS.

  • Node logs a warning for any MappedSchema containing a JPA entity referencing another JPA entity from a different MappedSchema. The log entry starts with “Cross-reference between MappedSchemas”. API: Persistence documentation no longer suggests mapping between different schemas.

  • Upgraded Artemis to v2.6.2.

  • Introduced the concept of “reference input states”. A reference input state is a ContractState which can be referred to in a transaction by the contracts of input and output states but whose contract is not executed as part of the transaction verification process and is not consumed when the transaction is committed to the ledger but is checked for “current-ness”. In other words, the contract logic isn’t run for the referencing transaction only. It’s still a normal state when it occurs in an input or output position. This feature is only available on Corda networks running with a minimum platform version of 4.

  • A new wrapper class over StateRef is introduced, called ReferenceStateRef. Although “reference input states” are stored as StateRef objects in WireTransaction, we needed a way to distinguish between “input states” and “reference input states” when required to filter by object type. Thus, when one wants to filter-in all “reference input states” in a FilteredTransaction then he/she should check if it is of type ReferenceStateRef.

  • Removed type parameter U from tryLockFungibleStatesForSpending to allow the function to be used with FungibleState as well as FungibleAsset. This might cause a compile failure in some obscure cases due to the removal of the type parameter from the method. If your CorDapp does specify types explicitly when using this method then updating the types will allow your app to compile successfully. However, those using type inference (e.g. using Kotlin) should not experience any changes. Old CorDapp JARs will still work regardless.

  • issuer_ref column in FungibleStateSchema was updated to be nullable to support the introduction of the FungibleState interface. The vault_fungible_states table can hold both FungibleAssets and FungibleStates.

  • CorDapps built by corda-gradle-plugins are now signed and sealed JAR files. Signing can be configured or disabled, and it defaults to using the Corda development certificate.

  • Finance CorDapps are now built as sealed and signed JAR files. Custom classes can no longer be placed in the packages defined in either finance Cordapp or access it’s non-public members.

  • Finance CorDapp was split into two separate apps: corda-finance-contracts and corda-finance-workflows. There is no longer a single cordapp which provides both. You need to have both JARs installed in the node simultaneously for the app to work however.

  • All sample CorDapps were split into separate apps: workflows and contracts to reflect new convention. It is recommended to structure your CorDapps this way, see Upgrading CorDapps to newer Platform Versions on upgrading your CorDapp.

  • The format of the shell commands’ output can now be customized via the node shell, using the output-format command.

  • The node_transaction_mapping database table has been folded into the node_transactions database table as an additional column.

  • Logging for P2P and RPC has been separated, to make it easier to enable all P2P or RPC logging without hand-picking loggers for individual classes.

  • Vault Query Criteria have been enhanced to allow filtering by state relevancy. Queries can request all states, just relevant ones, or just non relevant ones. The default is to return all states, to maintain backwards compatibility. Note that this means apps running on nodes using Observer node functionality should update their queries to request only relevant states if they are only expecting to see states in which they participate.

  • Postgres dependency was updated to version 42.2.5

  • Test CordaService s can be installed on mock nodes using UnstartedMockNode.installCordaService.

  • The finance-contracts demo CorDapp has been slimmed down to contain only that which is relevant for contract verification. Everything else has been moved to the finance-workflows CorDapp:

    • The cash selection logic. AbstractCashSelection is now in so any custom implementations must now be defined in META-INF/services/
    • The jackson annotations on Expression have been removed. You will need to use FinanceJSONSupport.registerFinanceJSONMappers if you wish to preserve the JSON format for this class.
    • The various utility methods defined in Cash for creating cash transactions have been moved to Similarly with CommercialPaperUtils and ObligationUtils.
    • Various other utilities such as GetBalances and the test calendar data.

The only exception to this is Interpolator and related classes. These are now in the IRS demo workflows CorDapp .

  • Vault states are migrated when moving from V3 to V4: the relevancy column is correctly filled, and the state party table is populated. Note: This means Corda can be slow to start up for the first time after upgrading from V3 to V4.

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